Campuses typically provide advocate services for victims of sexual assault. The Clery Act and Title IX require institutions to maintain statistics on incidents of sexual assault and other crimes that occur on campus as well.
This report evaluates the responsibilities of victim advocate positions and the services advocates provide to victims. It also explains Clery Reporting obligations for the victim advocate, faculty, and staff.
Key observations from our research
1. Victim advocates counsel victims, represent victims in law enforcement and health care settings, and coordinate services with other unit directors.
2. They also work with unit directors to coordinate additional support for victims.
3. The Clery Reporting Act requires institutional staff and faculty to submit anonymous incident reports after learning of a crime on campus. It does not require victim advocates, licensed counselors, or clergy to report incidents.
4. The dean of students aggregates the data to identify patterns and trends before releasing a final assessment.
5. To determine the success of counseling services, measure academic performance indicators for victims post trauma.
6. Counseling centers appropriate $10,000 a year to support victim services, independent from victim advocate salaries.